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The Artist | Biographical Index

The following is a list of letters, journals, newspaper articles, books, essays and unpublished texts that were referred to during the research for this project. It does not include sources referenced directly in the catalogue texts.


De Jager, E. J. 1992. Images of Man: Contemporary South African Black Art and Artists. Alice: Fort Hare University Press.
Dolby, J. 2005. Gerard Sekoto – From the Paris Studio. Cape Town: Iziko South African National Gallery.
yene, C & Lindop, B. 2008. Exiles: Drawings by Gerard Sekoto 1913 - 1993. South Africa: Afronova.
Lindop, B. 1988. Gerard Sekoto. Randburg: Dictum.
Lindop, B. 1995. Sekoto: The Art of Gerard Sekoto. London: Pavilion M. Joseph.
Manganyi, C. 1996. A Black Man Named Sekoto. South Africa: Wits University Press.
Manganyi, C. 2004. Gerard Sekoto: I am an African. Wits University Press: South Africa
Marais, E. 1993. Tribute to Gerard Sekoto. Mmabatho: University of Bophuthatswana, Institute of African Studies.
Mphahlele, E. 1984. Afrika my Music: An Autobiography 1957 – 1983. Johannesburg: Ravan Press.
Powell, R. J. 2003. Black Art: A Cultural History. London: Thames & Husdon World of Art.
Sekoto, G. 1995. Gerard Sekoto: My Life and Work. Johannesburg: Viva.
Spiro, L. 1989. Gerard Sekoto: Unsevered Ties. Johannesburg: Johannesburg Art Gallery.
Stevenson, M. 2008. 'Take your road and travel along': the advent of the modern black painter in Africa. Cape Town: Michael Stevenson.

Newspapers and Magazines

Aftonbladet, 24 March, 1951
Argus, 10 December 1948. SA Native Artist in Paris.
Argus, 12 August 1948. Future Course of African Art.
Argus, 23 June 1948. South African Art Exhibition Overseas.
Argus, 27 September 1947. To Study Art in Paris: African Painter Leaves.
Argus, 28 July 1954. Sekoto Paints Transvaal Scenes in Paris.
Argus, 5 August 1948. Exhibition of African Art.
Beeld, 3 March 1988
Cape Argus, 13 December 1944. Two Artists: Gerard Sekoto & Louis Maurice at the Jerome Gallery.
Cape Times, 16 October 1948. Queen sees SA Pictures.
Cape Times, 2 May 1944. New Group Exhibition at the Argus Gallery.
Cape Times, 21 September 1948. South African Art in London – Tate Gallery.
Cape Times, 24 June 1948.
Cape Times, 27 April 1944. New Group.
Cape Times, 29 September 1947. To Study Art Overseas.
Cape Times, 5 August 1948. Notable Display of African Art – the Association of the Arts Gallery.
Cape Times, 5 June 1947. Native Exhibition, Ashbey’s Art Gallery.
Cape Times, 6 May 1948.
City Press, 28 February 1988. Z. B. Molefe. The Spirit of South African Art returns home at Sekoto Exhibition.
Dakar-Matin, 20 April 1966. E. Soelle. Peintre Sud-Africain qui reside à Dakar
Los Angeles Times, November 1989. He won’t go Home.
Pretoria News, 22 April 1983
Punch, 29 September 1948. Two Pioneer Exhibitions.
Rand Daily Mail, 14 December 1968. H. E. Winder, Learning Draughtsmanship.
Rand Daily Mail, 1954. Sekoto in Paris Still Paints Life of Sophiatown.
Rand Daily Mail, 20 December 1949. Bantu Artist Tells of Early Struggle in Paris.
Rand Daily Mail, 23 July 1947. New Firmness in Sekoto’s Paintings.
Rand Daily Mail, 25 April 1947. African Artist
Rand Daily Mail, 30 December 1978. H.E. Winder, The Greatest of them All.
Star, 10 December 1948. South African Native Artist in Paris.
Star, 17 February 1964. D. Blair, Sekoto has become a Parisian.
Star, 23 July 1947.
Star, 31 March 1964. Sekoto’s One-Man Paris Show.
Star, 5 March 1952.
Stokholm Tidningen, 16 March 1951.
Sunday Times, 8 June 1947. Native Artist May Study in Paris.
The African Drum, June 1951. L. Lipshitz, Sekoto.
The New Nation, 15 – 21 December 1989. Sekoto: True to Life.
The Star Tonight, 31 October 1989. K. Geers. An Intriguing Permanent Exhibition.
The Star, 21 August 1989. Olga Horowitz. Sekoto Retrospective Among Events on Local Art Calender.
The Sun, c. 1987. John Dorsey. Voices in Exile: Eloquent Exhibition of South African Art
The Sunday Star Timeout, 28 February 1988. Percy Baneshik. Sekoto Rediscovered.
Time Magazine, 8 August 1949. Touring Africans.
Unknown, 16 August 1947. The Struggle of a South African Artist.
Unknown, 24 March 1961. Bramdaw, H. The Leader’s Paris call on artist who is becoming famous.
Weekly Mail, 27 October 1989.
Weekly Mail, 3 March 1988. Alone in a Paris Ward: The Father of black Art.
Weekly Mail, 4 March 1988. The Sadness in Sekoto… that of art in isolaton.

Journal Articles and Essays

Battiss, W. 1961. “Gerard Sekoto”. In Our Art. South Africa: S.A. Association for the advancement of Knowledge and Culture.
Borman, J. 2009. “Gerard Sekoto”. In Art that Inspires (pp. 14 – 23). Cape Town: Johans Borman Fine Art Gallery.
Eyene, C. 2010. “Sekoto and Négritude: The Ante‐room of French Culture”, Third Text, 24:4, 423-435
Figlan, M. 1982. “Ntate Sekoto” In Staffrider, Vol. 5. No.2, 1982. pp. 38 – 39.
Koloane, D. “An Encounter with Gerard Sekoto” In ART, No. 2, March 1988, pp. 30 – 36.
Manganyi, N. C. 2007. “Gerard Sekoto (1913-1993)” In Rory Bester (ed.) Figure/Ground: Reflections on the South African Reserve Bank Art Collection (pp. 13 – 15). South African Reserve Bank: Johannesburg.
Ndebele, N. 1982. “Reticent He expressed his philosophy of life through his paintings” In In Staffrider, Vol. 5. No.2, 1982. pp. 42 – 43.
Okeke, C. 2001. “Modern African Art.” In Okwui Enwezor (ed.) The Short Century: Independence and Liberation Movements in Africa 1945–1994 (pp. 29 – 36). Munich, Germany: Prestel.
Sekoto G. 1971. “The Present Situation of a Non-White Artist in South Africa” In Presence Africaine, No. 80, 4th Quarterly, 1971, Paris.
Sekoto, G. “Gerard Sekoto in his Own Words” In Tribute, January/February 1989, pp. 103 – 106.
Sekoto, G. “Responsibility and Solidarity in African Culture” Second Conference of Negro Writers and Artists, Rome, 25 March to 1 April 1959. Unpublished.
Sekoto, G. 1957. “A South African Artist”. In Presence Africaine, November, No. 14/15, Paris. pp. 281-298
Sekoto, G. 1969. “Autobiography” In Presence Africaine, no. 69, 1st Quarterly, 1969, pp. 188 – 194.
Sekoto, G. People living in Exile, Undated, [hand-written text], Sekoto Study Collection, SANG. Unpublished.
Sekoto, G. Personal Outlook on Life, Undated, [handwritten text], Sekoto Study Collection, SANG. Unpublished.
Sekoto, G. The Cry of Soweto, Undated, [handwritten text], Sekoto Study Collection, SANG. Unpublished.
Stander, E.D. “Gerard Sekoto: A Bantu Artist of South Africa” In Bantu, May 1969.


South African Embassy: Gerard Sekoto 1952.
Gerard Sekoto: Ben Enwonwu 1957.
Bernard Sekoto: Gerard Sekoto 1959 – 1979.
Bernard Sekoto: Gerard Sekoto 1959 – 1979.
Nanakedi Sekoto: Gerard Sekoto 1961 – 1991.
Gerard Sekoto: Nanakedi Sekoto 1961 – 1991.
Leopold Senghor: Gerard Sekoto 1968.
Director, Old Age Allocational Fund for the Graphic and Plastic Arts: Gerard Sekoto, 1975.
Esther Parkins: Gerard Sekoto 1975 – 1989.
Helene: Gerard Sekoto 1976 – 1977.
Lorna Desmidt: Gerard Sekoto 1981 – 1989.
Gerard Sekoto: Lorna Desmidt 1981 – 1989.
Directorate of Construction and Lodgings: Gerard Sekoto 1983.
A. Nicholas: Gerard Sekoto 1984.
Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne: Gerard Sekoto 1984.
Subpoena: Gerard Sekoto 1984.
Lefifi Tladi: Gerard Sekoto February 1985.
Mary Dikeledi Sekoto: Gerard Sekoto 1985 – 1986.
Gerard Sekoto: Mary Dikeledi 1985 – 1986.
Stephen Bantu Biko Foundation: Gerard Sekoto 1985.
Helen Jackson: Gerard Sekoto 1986.
Gerard Sekoto: Wally Serote 1986.
Wally Serote: Gerard Sekoto 1986.
Gerard Sekoto: Barbara Lindop 1986 – 1993.
Barbara Lindop – Gerard Sekoto 1986 - 1993
Gerard Sekoto: Brita Ellis 1986 – 1988.
Brita Ellis: Gerard Sekoto 1986 – 1988.
Gerard Sekoto: David Koloane 1987.
David Koloane: Gerard Sekoto 1987 – 1991.
Mazizi Kunene: Gerard Sekoto 1987.
Gerard Sekoto: Mazizi Kunene 1987.
Mary Benson: Gerard Sekoto 1987.
Peggy Narcessian: Gerard Sekoto 1987 – 1990.
Dulcie September: Gerard Sekoto 1987.
Herbert Kretzmer: Gerard Sekoto 1987.
Natasha Krenbol: Gerard Sekoto 1988.
Reinhold Cassirer: Gerard Sekoto 1988.
Elaine Jackson: Gerard Sekoto 1988.
Gerard Sekoto: Sipho Sepamla 1988.
Clare Salaveria 1988 – 1990.
Gerard Sekoto: Nimrod Ndebele 1989.
Nimrod Ndebele: Gerard Sekoto 1989.
Moe Saeger: Gerard Sekoto 1989.
Gerard Sekoto: Moe Saeger 1989.
Gerard Sekoto: Maison Nationale des Artistes Undated.
Lesley Spiro: Gerard Sekoto 1989.
Christopher Till: Gerard Sekoto 1989.
Gerard Sekoto: Christopher Till 1989.
Jacqueline Sag: Gerard Sekoto 1989.
Natasha Krenbol: Gerard Sekoto 1989.
Gerard Sekoto: Nelson Mandela 1990.
Thelma Routh: Gerard Sekoto 1991.
Gerard Sekoto: Alexander Laird 1992 – 1993.